Today’s Hijri Date

9:36

Indeed, the number of months ordained by Allah is twelve—in Allah’s Record since the day He created the heavens and the earth—of which four are sacred.


The Prophet (ﷺ) said. “(The division of time has turned to its original form which was current when Allah created the Heavens and the Earths. The year is of twelve months, out of which four months are sacred: Three are in succession Dhul-Qa’ da, Dhul-Hijja and Muharram, and (the fourth is) Rajab of (the tribe of) Mudar which comes between Jumadi-ath-Thaniyah and Shaban.”

Sahih Al-Bukhari 3197


What are the twelve (12) months in the Hijri Calendar?
  1. Muharram مُحَرَّمُ
  2. Safar صَفَرٌ
  3. Rabi Al Awwal رَبِيْعُ الأَوّل
  4. Rabi Al Thani رَبِيْعُ الثَّانِي
  5. Jumadi Al Awwal جَمَادِي الأَوّل
  6. Jumadi-ath-Thaniyah جَمَادِي الثَّانِي
  7. Rajab رَجَبُ
  8. Shaban شَعْبَانَ
  9. Ramadan رَمَضَانَ
  10. Shawwal شَوَّالٍ
  11. Dhul-Qa’ da ذُو الْقَعْدَةِ
  12. Dhul Hijjah ذُو الْحِجَّةِ
What are the four (4) sacred months in the Hijri Calendar?
  1. Muharram مُحَرَّمُ
  2. Rajab رَجَبُ
  3. Dhul-Qa’ da ذُو الْقَعْدَةِ
  4. Dhul Hijjah ذُو الْحِجَّةِ
When and Why did the Hijri Calendar start?

When did the Hijri Calendar Start?

During Umar ibn Al-Khattab’s (رضي الله عنه) caliphate between 16 AH and 18 AH. The companions (رضي الله عنهم) reached a unanimous decision to make the Islamic calendar begin with the year in which the Hijrah occurred. When the Prophet (ﷺ) migrated and settled in Madinah. The people gathered around him and supported him. He built the mosque and other events that followed the Hijrah. 


The Prophet’s companions (رضي الله عنهم) did not take as a starting date for the Muslim calendar, the day, the Prophet (ﷺ) had been sent as an Apostle or the day of his death, but the day of his arrival at Medina.

Al-Bukhaari 3934


Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

The incidents that are connected to the life of the Prophet (ﷺ) and that could have been taken as the start of the calendar are four:

  1. his birth,
  2. the start of his mission,
  3. his migration (Hijrah),
  4. his death.

They thought it was best to start the calendar from the Hijrah, because, in the case of his birth and the start of his mission, there would be uncertainty with regard to the exact year. As for the time of his death, they chose not to use it because remembering it would renew their grief. So there was no choice left except the Hijrah. 

Why did the Hijri Calendar start?

A case was referred to Umar (رضي الله عنه) concerning a contract. That one man had with another, saying that what he owed him became due in the month of Sha’baan. Umar (رضي الله عنه) said, Which Sha’baan? The Sha’baan of this year we are in now or of last year or next year?
Umar (رضي الله عنه) summoned the companions and consulted them about adopting a calendar from which they could determine when debts became due and the like. 

Reason behind choosing the start date of the Hijri Calendar:

Umar (رضي الله عنه) was inclined to choose the Hijrah’s date because it is known when it occurred, and they agreed with him. 

Note:

The one who says that the age of Islam started with the Hijrah is referring to the calendar. The people agreed upon creating a system so that people could know the dates of events and define the times of contracts, the dates of visits by delegations, and the like. This is something on which the people agreed during the caliphate of Umar (رضي الله عنه) and it has remained so up until this present day. 

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جَزَاكَ ٱللَّٰهُ خَيْرًا

Jazaka Allahu Kheiraan

May Allah reward you [with] goodness

Ameen - اَمِين يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِيْن