Islamic Calendars

ٱلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ ٱللَّٰهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ

Peace be upon you, as well as the mercy of Allah and his blessings.

This website is dedicated to providing you with evidence from the Holy Quran, Authentic (Saheeh) Prophetic Hadiths, as well as statements from our earlier and later scholars that pertain to the Hijrah Calendar, measurements of time and beyond.

Below are three verses from the Holy Quran that enlighten us about the number and type of months and the measuring of time.

سورة 9: التوبة الآية: 36

إِنَّ عِدَّةَ ٱلشُّهُورِ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ ٱثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِى كِتَٰبِ ٱللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضَ مِنْهَآ أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَٰلِكَ ٱلدِّينُ ٱلْقَيِّمُ فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا۟ فِيهِنَّ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَقَٰتِلُوا۟ ٱلْمُشْرِكِينَ كَآفَّةً كَمَا يُقَٰتِلُونَكُمْ كَآفَّةً وَٱعْلَمُوٓا۟ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ مَعَ ٱلْمُتَّقِينَ

Chapter 9 : At-Tawba, Verse: 36

Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred.1

سورة 10 : يونس الآية: 5

هُوَ ٱلَّذِى جَعَلَ ٱلشَّمْسَ ضِيَآءً وَٱلْقَمَرَ نُورًا وَقَدَّرَهُۥ مَنَازِلَ لِتَعْلَمُوا۟ عَدَدَ ٱلسِّنِينَ وَٱلْحِسَابَ مَا خَلَقَ ٱللَّهُ ذَٰلِكَ إِلَّا بِٱلْحَقِّ يُفَصِّلُ ٱلْءَايَٰتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْلَمُونَ 

Chapter 10 : Yunus, Verse: 5

It is He who made the sun a shining light and the moon a derived light and determined for it phases – that you may know the number of years and account [of time]. Allah has not created this except in truth. He details the signs for a people who know.

سورة 2 : البقرة الآية: 189

يَسْـَٔلُونَكَ عَنِ ٱلْأَهِلَّةِ قُلْ هِىَ مَوَٰقِيتُ لِلنَّاسِ وَٱلْحَجِّ وَلَيْسَ ٱلْبِرُّ بِأَن تَأْتُوا۟ ٱلْبُيُوتَ مِن ظُهُورِهَا وَلَٰكِنَّ ٱلْبِرَّ مَنِ ٱتَّقَىٰ وَأْتُوا۟ ٱلْبُيُوتَ مِنْ أَبْوَٰبِهَا وَٱتَّقُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ 

Chapter 2 : Al-Baqara, Verse: 189

They ask you, [O Muḥammad], about the crescent moons. Say, “They are measurements of time for the people and for ḥajj [pilgrimage].”


Islamic Calendars

Time has is always been a fascinating topic. We all use it. It is a factor in our decision making. Above all, it’s a creation of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى‎).

As the years’ pass, we realize that we are not getting any younger. Our time here is only temporary. Which poses the question, What have we done thus far? This is an opportunity to do something for our loved ones. To encourage, share and educate one another.

We hope you and your loved ones will benefit from this. Since we just started, please support and share on your favorite platform

جَزَاكَ ٱللَّٰهُ خَيْرًا

Jazaka Allahu Kheiraan

May Allah reward you [with] goodness

Ameen - اَمِين يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِيْن

Hijrah Calendar

The Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijri Calendar, is based on the sighting of the new moon. The year that is appointed as the start date is the year our Holy Prophet (PBUH) migrated from Makkah to Madinah.

The word Hijri is derived from the Arabic word Hijra which means “migration”. The beginning of each month is contingent on the visibility of the moon at the end of the previous month.

Once the moon is sighted, the new month commences. Each month starts with a new lunar cycle. Hence, the Islamic Calendar gives only a tentative overview of the upcoming Islamic dates as the start of each month is subject to the sighting of the moon.

The Islamic calendar consists of 12 months similar to the Gregorian calendar. However it consists of 354-355 days unlike the 365-366 days in the regular calendar.

The Islamic months are

Muharram مُحَرَّمُ,

Safar صَفَرٌ,

Rabi Al Awwal رَبِيْعُ الأَوّل,

Rabi Al Thani رَبِيْعُ الثَّانِي,

Jumadi Al Awwal جَمَادِي الأَوّل,

Jumadi-ath-Thaniyah جَمَادِي الثَّانِي,

Rajab رَجَبُ,

Shaban شَعْبَانَ,

Ramadan رَمَضَانَ,

Shawwal شَوَّالٍ,

Dhul-Qa’ da ذُو الْقَعْدَةِ,

Dhul Hijjah ذُو الْحِجَّةِ.

Every month has its own significance. Four of these months are claimed to be sacred.

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